Why are some learners reluctant to take risks?
- Entity view of intelligence, talent and ability.
- Fear of getting things wrong, failing to look smart.
- Past experiences of failure.
- Perceived cost-benefit of failing.
- ‘Hazard’ view of mistakes – something to be avoided.
What we are doing to help our pupils change the way they think about mistakes and failure?
- Consistently challenge the entity theory of intelligence through our Animal attitudes.
- Reframe how our pupils think about mistakes and failure. We talk about good mistakes and use examples of our mistakes to move our learning on.
- Create new, positive experiences of mistakes and failure.
- Challenge the costs pupils perceive and talk-up and demonstrate the benefits – we set our pupils challenges: e.g. ‘In this lesson I expect you to make at least 3 If you get half-way through and haven’t made any mistakes, you need to ask me to make the work more challenging for you.
- Make mistakes a valuable, sought-after feature of your classroom – some classes use ‘mistake-logs to record misconceptions and what they have learnt from them.